⚠ MYTH: 432Hz WAS THE STANDARD BEFORE 440Hz?
(HISTORICALLY INCORRECT, PSEUDOSCIENCE)
Some online sources state that 440Hz replaced 432Hz as Standard. That is incorrect. 432Hz has NEVER been a National or International standard.
Are there any historical references making note of 432Hz as concert pitch?
Well, so far I have not found much information about old 432Hz tuning forks. I did come across a couple of references to 433Hz tuning forks:
- Around 1820: A=433Hz, London. "Pitch approved by Sir George Smart, conductor of the Philharmonic."
- Around 1850: Broadwood Piano Co. tuner “low pitch” is said to be equal to A=433Hz.
I have not been able to find any other sources that provide any information with references to support the rumor. There for I have to conclude this rumor is simply one of those "myths" that go around, concerning 432-tuning.
- Alexander J. Ellis. "On the History of Musical Pitch," Journal of the Society of Arts, (March 5, 1880). Reprinted in Studies in the History of Music Pitch, Amsterdam: Frits Knuf, 1968